Ngorongoro Crater

With a diameter of about 20 km., an area of 260 km², and a 600-meter high crater wall is the Ngorongoro Crater the largest intact crater in the world.

The Ngorongoro, which is caused by the landslides that also formed the Rift Valley, once was as high as Mount Kilimanjaro.

About 30.000 large mammals are living in the Ngorongoro Crater. In the center of the Crater is a salt lake, making it one of the most densely populated wildlife areas in the world.
The Ngorongoro Crater was part of the Serengeti nature reserves sins its creation in 1951 and in became an independent Nature Reserve in 1959.
Since 1979, the crater is on the UNESCO World Heritage-list.

The Ngorongoro Crater is part of the Ngorongoro Conservation Area, a unique area where animals and humans as the authentic Maasai and Hadza are living together.

The Conservation Area is part of the unique Serengeti ecosystem, which is one of the world's greatest natural spectacles. From the edge of the crater, where you can stay, you overlook this amphitheater with an impressive and breathtaking beauty.

Green plains, streams, forests, swamps and the very often-white Lake Magadi are home to about 30,000 animals. Because the area is enclosed and the flat crater floor consists mostly of open grassland, it is easy to conserve and manage with the result that it is a strong hold of endangered species including the black rhino and cheetah. There are no giraffe, topi, or impala in the crater. These animals find the rocks too hard to take further obstacle and there is insufficient grass for large herds of antelope.

The prey animals are wildebeest, zebra, and buffalo. In the open area, the hunting can be easily followed, although in this area the extraordinary situation arises that the hyenas are the more aggressive hunters and the lions the scavengers.

Hyena met karkas 405 .jpg

Lake Magadi, located in the southwest, is a large shallow soda lake where numerous flamingos, but also many hippos and other water birds are living. As many people want to visit the crater, nobody is allowed to have more than one game drive of a maximum of 6 hours per day. Enough time though to explore the whole crater.


Predators such as lions, leopards, cheetahs, but also elephants, monkeys, zebras, gazelles, rhinos, buffalo, wildebeest, and hippos live here. Every day the Maasai and their herds of cattle go down in the crater to let them drink water. They are the only ones authorized to go in the crater without being in a vehicle. Because the wild in the crater is less shy than anywhere else in the Serengeti and appear in large quantities, there are many tourists in the high season.

 

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